Toys are the best way for children to contact the outside world. They accompany them every moment of their growth. The quality of toys directly affects children’s health. In particular, plush toys should be the type of toys that children have the most exposure to. Toys What are the key points during inspection and what tests are required?
1). The seam seam should be no less than 3/16". The seam seam of small toys should be no less than 1/8".
2). When sewing, the two pieces of fabric must be aligned and the seams should be even. No difference in width or width is allowed. (Especially the sewing of round and curved pieces and the sewing of faces)
3).The sewing stitch length should be no less than 9 stitches per inch.
4)．There must be a return pin at the end of sewing
5). The sewing thread used for sewing must meet the tensile strength requirements (see the previous QA test method) and be of the correct color;
6). During sewing, the worker must use a clamp to push the plush inward while sewing to avoid the formation of bald strips;
7). When sewing on a cloth label, you should first check whether the cloth label used is correct. It is not allowed to sew the words and letters on the cloth label.The cloth label cannot be wrinkled or reversed.
8). When sewing, the hair direction of the toy’s hands, feet, and ears must be consistent and symmetrical (except for special circumstances)
9). The center line of the toy's head must be aligned with the center line of the body, and the seams at the joints of the toy's body must match. (Except for special circumstances)
10). Missing stitches and skipped stitches on the sewing line are not allowed to occur;
11)．Sewn semi-finished products should be placed in a fixed location to avoid loss and soiling.
12)． All cutting tools should be kept properly and cleaned carefully before and after get off work;
13). Comply with other customer regulations and requirements.
2. Manual quality inspection: (finished products are inspected according to manual quality standards)
Handwork is a key process in toy production. It is the transitional stage from semi-finished products to finished products. It determines the image and quality of toys. Quality inspectors at all levels must strictly conduct inspections in accordance with the following requirements.
1). Book eye:
A. Check whether the eyes used are correct and whether the quality of the eyes meets the standards. Any eyesight, blisters, defects or scratches are considered unqualified and cannot be used;
B. Check whether the eye pads are matching. If they are too big or too small, they are not acceptable.
C. Understand that the eyes are set in the correct position of the toy. Any high or low eyes or wrong eye distance are not acceptable.
D. When setting eyes, the best strength of the eye setting machine should be adjusted to avoid cracking or loosening of the eyes.
E. Any binding holes must be able to withstand the tensile force of 21LBS.
2). Nose setting:
A. Check whether the nose used is correct, whether the surface is damaged or deformed
B. The position is correct. Wrong position or distortion is not acceptable.
C. Adjust the optimal strength of the eye-tapping machine. Do not cause damage or loosening of the nasal surface due to improper force.
D. The tensile force must meet the requirements and must withstand a tensile force of 21LBS.
3). Hot melt:
A. The sharp parts of the eyes and the tip of the nose must be hot-fused, generally from the tip to the end;
B. Incomplete hot melting or overheating (melting off the gasket) are not acceptable; C. Be careful not to burn other parts of the toy when hot melting.
4). Filling with cotton:
A. The overall requirement for cotton filling is full image and soft feel;
B. The cotton filling must reach the required weight. Insufficient filling or uneven filling of each part are not acceptable;
C. Pay attention to the filling of the head, and the filling of the mouth must be strong, full and prominent;
D. The filling of the corners of the toy body cannot be omitted;
E. For standing toys, the four cotton-filled legs should be solid and strong, and should not feel soft;
F. For all sitting toys, the buttocks and waist should be filled with cotton, so they must sit firmly. When sitting unsteadily, use a needle to pick out the cotton, otherwise it will not be accepted; G. Filling with cotton cannot deform the toy, especially the position of the hands and feet, the angle and direction of the head;
H. The size of the toy after filling must be consistent with the size signed, and is not allowed to be smaller than the size signed. This is the focus of checking the filling;
I. All cotton-filled toys must be signed accordingly and continuously improved to strive for perfection. Any shortcomings that are not in compliance with the signature will not be accepted;
J. Any cracks or yarn loss after filling with cotton are considered unqualified products.
5). Seam bristles:
A. All seams must be tight and smooth. No holes or loose openings are allowed. To check, you can use a ballpoint pen to insert into the seam. Do not insert it in. You should not feel any gaps when you pick at the outside of the seam with your hands.
B. The stitch length when sewing is required to be no less than 10 stitches per inch;
C. The knots tied during sewing cannot be exposed;
D. No cotton is allowed to seep out from the seam after the seam;
E. The bristles must be clean and thorough, and no bald hair bands are allowed. Especially the corners of hands and feet;
F. When brushing thin plush, do not use too much force to break the plush;
G. Do not damage other objects (such as eyes, nose) when brushing. When brushing around these objects, you must cover them with your hands and then brush them.
6). Hanging wire:
A. Determine the hanging method and position of the eyes, mouth, and head according to customer regulations and signing requirements;
B. The hanging wire must not deform the shape of the toy, especially the angle and direction of the head;
C. The hanging wires of both eyes must be applied evenly, and the eyes must not be of different depths or directions due to uneven force;
D. The knotted thread ends after hanging the thread must not be exposed outside the body;
E. After hanging the thread, cut off all the thread ends on the toy.
F. The currently commonly used "triangular hanging wire method" is introduced in sequence:
(1) Insert the needle from point A to point B, then across to point C, and then back to point A;
(2) Then insert the needle from point A to point D, cross to point E and then return to point A to tie the knot;
G. Hang the wire according to other requirements of the customer; H. The expression and shape of the toy after hanging the wire should be basically consistent with the signed one. If any deficiencies are found, they should be seriously improved until they are completely the same as the signed one;
A. Various accessories are customized according to the customer's requirements and signed shapes. Any discrepancies with the signed shapes are not acceptable;
B. Various hand-customized accessories, including bow ties, ribbons, buttons, flowers, etc., must be fastened tightly and not loose;
C. All accessories must withstand a tensile force of 4LBS, and quality inspectors must frequently check whether the tensile force of toy accessories meets the requirements;
8). Hang tag:
A. Check whether the hangtags are correct and whether all the hangtags required for the goods are complete;
B. Specially check whether the number of the computer plate, the price plate and the price are correct;
C. Understand the correct method of playing cards, the position of the gun and the order of hanging tags;
D. For all plastic needles used in gun shooting, the head and tail of the plastic needle must be exposed outside the body of the toy and cannot be left inside the body.
E. Toys with display boxes and color boxes. You must know the correct placement of toys and the location of the glue needle.
9). Hair drying:
The duty of the blower is to blow away the broken wool and plush on the toys. The blow-drying work needs to be clean and thorough, especially the nap cloth, electronic velvet material, and the ears and face of toys that are easily stained with hair.
10). Probe machine:
A. Before using the probe machine, you must use metal objects to test whether its functional range is normal;
B. When using the probe machine, all parts of the toy must be swung back and forth on the probe machine. If the probe machine makes a sound and the red light is on, the toy must be unstitched immediately, take out the cotton, and pass it through the probe machine separately until it is found. metal objects;
C. Toys that have passed the probe and toys that have not passed the probe must be clearly placed and marked;
D. Every time you use the probe machine, you must carefully fill in the [Probe Machine Usage Record Form].
Keep your hands clean and do not allow oil or oil stains to stick to toys, especially white plush. Dirty toys are not acceptable.
1). Check whether the outer carton label is correct, whether there is any wrong printing or missing printing, and whether the wrong outer carton is used. Whether the printing on the outer box meets the requirements, oily or unclear printing is not acceptable;
2). Check whether the toy’s hangtag is complete and whether it is used incorrectly;
3). Check whether the toy tag is correctly styled or positioned correctly;
4). Any serious or minor defects found in the boxed toys must be picked out to ensure that there are no defective products;
5). Understand customers' packaging requirements and correct packaging methods. Check for errors;
6). Plastic bags used for packaging must be printed with warning slogans, and the bottoms of all plastic bags must be punched;
7). Understand whether the customer requires instructions, warnings and other written papers to be placed in the box;
8). Check whether the toys in the box are placed correctly. Too squeezed and too empty are unacceptable;
9). The number of toys in the box must be consistent with the number marked on the outer box and cannot be a small number;
10). Check whether there are scissors, drills and other packaging tools left in the box, then seal the plastic bag and carton;
11). When sealing the box, non-transparent tape cannot cover the box mark text;
12). Fill in the correct box number. The total number must match the order quantity.
4. Box throwing test:
Since toys need to be transported and beaten for a long time in the box, in order to understand the toy's endurance and condition after being beaten. A box throwing test is required. (Especially with porcelain, color boxes and toy outer boxes). Methods as below:
1). Lift any corner, three sides, and six sides of the sealed toy's outer box to chest height (36″) and let it fall freely. Be careful that one corner, three sides, and six sides will fall.
2). Open the box and check the condition of the toys inside. Depending on the endurance of the toy, decide whether to change the packaging method and replace the outer box.
5. Electronic testing:
1). All electronic products (plush toys equipped with electronic accessories) must be 100% inspected, and must be 10% inspected by the warehouse when purchasing, and 100% inspected by workers during installation.
2). Take a few electronic accessories for life testing. Generally speaking, electronic accessories that chirp must be called about 700 times in a row to be qualified;
3). All electronic accessories that make no sound, have a slight sound, have gaps in the sound or have malfunctions cannot be installed on the toys. Toys equipped with such electronic accessories are also considered substandard products;
4). Inspect electronic products according to other customer requirements.
6. Safety check:
1). In view of the strict requirements for toy safety in Europe, the United States and other countries, and the frequent occurrence of claims from domestic toy manufacturers due to safety issues by foreign consumers. The safety of toys must attract the attention of relevant personnel.
A. Handmade needles must be placed on a fixed soft bag and cannot be directly inserted into toys so that people can pull out the needles without leaving them;
B. If the needle is broken, you must find another needle, and then report the two needles to the workshop team supervisor to exchange for a new needle. Toys with broken needles must be searched with a probe;
C. Only one working needle can be issued for each craft. All steel tools should be placed uniformly and cannot be placed randomly;
D. Use the steel brush with bristles correctly. After brushing, touch the bristles with your hands.
2). The accessories on the toy, including eyes, noses, buttons, ribbons, bow ties, etc., may be torn off and swallowed by children (consumers), which is dangerous. Therefore, all accessories must be fastened tightly and meet the pulling force requirements.
A. The eyes and nose must withstand a pulling force of 21LBS;
B. Ribbons, flowers, and buttons must withstand the tensile force of 4LBS. C. Post quality inspectors must frequently test the tensile force of the above accessories. Sometimes problems are found and solved together with engineers and workshops;
3). All plastic bags used to package toys must be printed with warnings and have holes punched at the bottom to prevent children from putting them on their heads and putting them in danger.
4). All filaments and meshes must have warnings and age signs.
5). All fabrics and accessories of toys should not contain toxic chemicals to avoid danger from children's tongue licking;
6). No metal objects such as scissors and drill bits should be left in the packaging box.
There are many types of toys, covering a wide range of fields, such as: children's toys, baby toys, plush stuffed toys, educational toys, electric toys, wooden toys, plastic toys, metal toys, paper flower toys, outdoor sports toys, etc. The reason is that in our inspection work, we usually classify them into two categories: (1) Soft toys—mainly textile materials and technology. (2) Hard toys—mainly materials and processes other than textiles. The following will take one of the soft toys - plush stuffed toys as the subject, and list some relevant basic knowledge in order to better understand the quality inspection of plush stuffed toys. There are many types of plush fabrics. In the inspection and inspection of plush stuffed toys, there are two main categories: A. Warp knitted plush fabrics. B. Weft knitted plush fabric.
(1) Warp knitted plush fabric weaving method: Briefly stated - one or several groups of parallel yarns are arranged on a loom and woven longitudinally at the same time. After being processed by the napping process, the suede surface is plump, the cloth body is tight and thick, and the hand feels crisp. It has good longitudinal dimensional stability, good drape, low detachment, is not easy to curl, and has good breathability. However, static electricity accumulates during use, and it is easy to It absorbs dust, extends laterally, and is not as elastic and soft as weft-knitted plush fabric.
(2) Weft-knitted plush fabric weaving method: Briefly describe - one or several yarns are fed into the loom from the weft direction, and the yarns are sequentially bent into loops and strung together to form. This kind of fabric has good elasticity and extensibility. The fabric is soft, strong and wrinkle-resistant, and has a strong wool pattern. However, it has poor hygroscopicity. The fabric is not stiff enough and is easy to fall apart and curl.
8. Types of plush stuffed toys
Plush stuffed toys can be divided into two types: A. Joint type - the toy limbs contain joints (metal joints, plastic joints or wire joints), and the toy limbs can rotate flexibly. B. Soft type - the limbs have no joints and cannot rotate. The limbs and all parts of the body are sewn by sewing machines.
9. Inspection matters for plush stuffed toys
Toys have a wide range of applications. In order to avoid hidden dangers, the age grouping criteria for toys must be clearly defined during the inspection of toys: Normally, 3 years old and 8 years old are the obvious dividing lines in age groups. Manufacturers must post age warning signs in conspicuous places to clarify who the toy is suitable for.
For example, the European toy safety standard EN71 age group warning label clearly stipulates that toys that are not suitable for use by children under 3 years old, but may be dangerous to children under 3 years old, should be affixed with an age warning label. Warning signs use text instructions or pictorial symbols. If warning instructions are used, the warning words must be clearly displayed whether in English or other languages. Warning statements such as "Not suitable for children under 36 months" or "Not suitable for children under 3 years of age" should be accompanied by a brief description indicating the specific hazard that requires restriction. For example: because it contains small parts, and it should be clearly displayed on the toy itself, the packaging or the toy manual. The age warning, whether it is a symbol or text, should appear on the toy or its retail packaging. At the same time, the age warning must be clear and legible at the place where the product is sold. At the same time, in order to make consumers familiar with the specified symbols in the standard, the age warning pictorial symbol and text Content should be consistent.
1. Physical and mechanical performance testing of plush stuffed toys In order to ensure the safety of toy products, corresponding safety standards have been formulated in different countries and regions to implement strict testing and production process control at different stages of toy production. The main problem with plush stuffed toys is the firmness of small parts, decorations, fillings and patchwork sewing.
2. According to the age guidelines for toys in Europe and the United States, plush stuffed toys should be suitable for any age group, including children under 3 years old. Therefore, whether it is the filling inside the plush stuffed toy or the accessories outside, it must be based on the user. age and psychological characteristics, taking full consideration of their normal use and reasonable abuse without following the instructions: Often when using toys, they like to use various means such as "pull, twist, throw, bite, add" to "destroy" the toys. , so small parts cannot be produced before and after the abuse test. When the filling inside the toy contains small parts (such as particles, PP cotton, joint materials, etc.), corresponding requirements are put forward for the firmness of each part of the toy. The surface cannot be pulled apart or torn. If it is pulled apart, the small filled parts inside must be wrapped in a stronger inner bag and manufactured in strict accordance with the corresponding standards. This requires relevant testing of toys. The following is a summary of the physical and mechanical performance testing items of plush stuffed toys:
10. Related tests
1). Torque & Pull Test
Instruments required for testing: stopwatch, torque pliers, long-nose pliers, torque tester, and tensile gauge. (3 types, choose the appropriate tool according to the template)
A. European EN71 standard
(a) Torque test steps: Apply clockwise torque to the component within 5 seconds, twist to 180 degrees (or 0.34Nm), hold for 10 seconds; then return the component to its original relaxed state, and repeat the above process counterclockwise.
(b) Tensile test steps: ① SMALL PARTS: The size of small parts is less than or equal to 6MM, apply 50N+/-2N force；
If the small part is larger than or equal to 6MM, apply a force of 90N+/-2N. Both should be pulled to the specified strength in the vertical direction at a uniform speed within 5 seconds and maintained for 10 seconds. ②SEAMS: Apply 70N+/-2N force to the seam. The method is the same as above. Pull to the specified strength within 5 seconds and keep it for 10 seconds.
B. American standard ASTM-F963
Tensile test steps (for small parts-SMALL PARTS and seams-SEAMS):
(a) 0 to 18 months: Pull the measured part in the vertical direction at a constant speed to a force of 10LBS within 5 seconds, and maintain it for 10 seconds. (b) 18 to 96 months: Pull the measured part in the vertical direction to a force of 15LBS at a uniform speed within 5 seconds and maintain it for 10 seconds.
C. Judgment criteria: After the test, there should be no breaks or cracks in the stitching of the inspected parts, and there should be no small parts or contact sharp points.
2). Drop Test
A. Instrumentation: EN floor. (European EN71 standard)
B. Test steps: Drop the toy from a height of 85CM+5CM to the EN floor 5 times in the strictest direction. Judgment criteria: The accessible driving mechanism must not be harmful or produce contact sharp points (joint-type plush real stuffed toys); the same toy must not produce small parts (such as accessories falling off) or burst seams to cause leakage of the inner filling. .
3). Impact Test
A. Instrument device: steel weight with a diameter of 80MM+2MM and a weight of 1KG+0.02KG. (European EN71 standard)
B. Test steps: Place the most vulnerable part of the toy on a horizontal steel surface, and use a weight to drop the toy once from a height of 100MM+2MM.
C. Judgment criteria: The accessible driving mechanism cannot be harmful or produce contact sharp points (joint type plush toys); the same toys cannot produce small parts (such as jewelry falling off) or burst seams to produce inner fillings leakage.
4). Compression Test
A. Testing steps (European EN71 standard): Place the toy on a horizontal steel surface with the tested part of the toy above. Apply a pressure of 110N+5N to the measured area within 5 seconds through a rigid metal indenter with a diameter of 30MM+1.5MM and maintain it for 10 seconds.
B. Judgment criteria: The accessible driving mechanism cannot be harmful or produce contact sharp points (joint type plush toys); the same toys cannot produce small parts (such as jewelry falling off) or burst seams to produce inner fillings leakage.
5). Metal Detector Test
A. Instruments and equipment: metal detector.
B. Test scope: For soft stuffed toys (without metal accessories), in order to avoid harmful metal objects hidden in the toys and cause harm to users, and to improve the safety of use.
C. Test steps: ① Check the normal working status of the metal detector - place the small metal objects equipped with the instrument into the metal detector, run the test, check whether there is an alarm sound and automatically stop the operation of the instrument, proving that the metal detector can Normal working state; otherwise, it is abnormal working state. ② Put the detected objects into the running metal detector in sequence. If the instrument does not make an alarm sound and is operating normally, it indicates that the detected object is a qualified product; conversely, if the instrument makes an alarm sound and stops Normal working status indicates that the detection object contains metal objects and is unqualified.
6). Smell Test
A. Testing steps: (for all accessories, decorations, etc. on the toy), place the tested sample 1 inch away from the nose and smell the smell; if there is an abnormal odor, it is considered unqualified, otherwise it is normal.
(Note: The test must be conducted in the morning. The inspector is required not to eat breakfast, drink coffee, or smoke, and the working environment must be free of peculiar smell.)
7). Dissect Test
A. Testing steps: Dissect the test sample and check the condition of the filling inside.
B. Judgment criteria: Whether the filling inside the toy is brand new, clean and sanitary; the loose materials of the filling toy must not have bad materials that are infested by insects, birds, rodents or other animal parasites, nor can they produce dirt or impurity materials under operating standards. Debris, such as bits of debris, is stuffed inside the toy.
8). Function Test
Plush stuffed toys have some practical functions, such as: the limbs of joint toys need to be able to rotate flexibly; the limbs of line-jointed toys need to reach the corresponding degree of rotation according to the design requirements; the toy itself is filled with corresponding attachments Tools, etc., it should achieve the corresponding functions, such as a music accessory box, which must emit corresponding music functions within a certain range of use, and so on.
9) . Heavy metal content test and fire protection test for plush stuffed toys
A. Heavy metal content test
To prevent harmful toxins from toys from invading the human body, the standards of different countries and regions regulate the transferable heavy metal elements in toy materials.
The maximum soluble content is clearly defined.
B. Fire burning test
To reduce accidental injuries and loss of life caused by careless burning of toys, different countries and regions have formulated corresponding standards to conduct fire-proof burning tests on the textile materials of plush stuffed toys, and distinguish them by burning levels so that users can know How to prevent the dangers of fire protection in toys based on textile crafts, which are more dangerous.
Post time: Feb-06-2024